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Just Development Issue 4: Crime, Violence and Community-Based Prevention in Honduras
  Jun 30, 2014


Crime, Violence and Community-Based Prevention in Honduras 

Violent crime has emerged as a growing development challenge, affecting large segments of societies and taking a severe toll on economic development. In Honduras, the most violent country in the world as measured by its homicide rate of 90.4 per 100,000 inhabitants in 2013, variations in the level of violence across time and space suggest that some communities have successfully prevented crime. This note summarizes the findings of a study of crime dynamics and prevention practices in Honduras. The research revealed that while the transnational drug trade, economic downturn and political crisis have deepened the effects of organized crime, some communities have prevented these forces from taking root in their neighborhoods. The study identified practices that communities have pursued to prevent violence, and examined the capabilities of communities, municipal governments and national institutions that enable or constrain these responses. In the context of the World Bank’s Safer Municipalities Project in Honduras, this research points to evidence-based approaches for preventing violence at the community level.

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Why Just Development? Because unjust development will not achieve our core goals.  

The Bank Group's strategic goals of eliminating extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity require effective justice institutions to ensure inclusive growth and fairness in distribution, regulation and allocation of resources. New research and practice across the Bank is leading to insights and innovations about how credible justice institutions emerge and how development actors can contribute to them.

Just Development provides a curated series of brief, yet informative and thought provoking, case studies, lessons and essays to share knowledge and stimulate debate on how development practitioners can promote effective justice institutions. Just Development is premised on two key principles:

(1) Justice promotion is not only a matter for the justice sector; mechanisms that govern rights, entitlements and processes of fairness are part and parcel of all development sectors. Our challenge is to break the silos that separate those concerned with 'justice' from those concerned with how markets are regulated, budgets are made to allocate public wealth and services are delivered - across development sectors.

(2) Just development means more than technical solutions. A science of delivery approach to justice requires deep contextual understanding and a flexible and adaptive process to implementation.

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