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Just Development Issue 5: Public Expenditure Reviews of Justice Sector Institutions
  Jul 31, 2014


Public Expenditure Reviews of Justice Sector Institutions: One Size Does Not Fit All 

Since the first Justice Sector Public Expenditure Review (JPER) was conducted in Bulgaria in 2008, interest in the application of PER methodologies to justice sector institutions has increased. In a sector traditionally known for its opacity, PERs offer significant opportunities for the Bank to leverage its technical expertise in public finance and institutional reform and to provide countries a much needed budget perspective for reform plans in this sector. At the same time, it is essential to understand the limits of PER in a particular country context and the level of analysis that is possible based on data availability. This note seeks to outline the main features of the Bank’s experience with JPERs to date and to identify key aspects that need to be addressed in order to meet Bank and client expectations in future reviews.

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Why Just Development? Because unjust development will not achieve our core goals.  

The Bank Group's strategic goals of eliminating extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity require effective justice institutions to ensure inclusive growth and fairness in distribution, regulation and allocation of resources. New research and practice across the Bank is leading to insights and innovations about how credible justice institutions emerge and how development actors can contribute to them.

Just Development provides a curated series of brief, yet informative and thought provoking, case studies, lessons and essays to share knowledge and stimulate debate on how development practitioners can promote effective justice institutions. Just Development is premised on two key principles:

(1) Justice promotion is not only a matter for the justice sector; mechanisms that govern rights, entitlements and processes of fairness are part and parcel of all development sectors. Our challenge is to break the silos that separate those concerned with 'justice' from those concerned with how markets are regulated, budgets are made to allocate public wealth and services are delivered - across development sectors.

(2) Just development means more than technical solutions. A science of delivery approach to justice requires deep contextual understanding and a flexible and adaptive process to implementation.

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